Regenerative agriculture is a holistic land management practice that seeks to regenerate topsoil health, increase biodiversity, enhance ecosystem services, and increase resilience to climate change, among other things. The guiding principle behind regenerative agriculture is to improve the resources we use instead of destroying or depleting them. One great example of a regenerative agricultural practice that has great potential for climate adaptation as well as mitigation is no-till farming.
No-till farming is a style of regenerative farming where the soil is left completely undisturbed, allowing for the natural microbiome of the soil to grow and thrive. In conventional farming, the soil is tilled (the process of turning over and breaking up the top 6-12 inches of soil) in order to get rid of weeds and make the soil softer and easier to plant in, but also leaving the soil infertile and bare of any beneficial bacteria and microorganisms. While there are some benefits to tilling, there are also many reasons that farmers choose to go the no-till route.
- Increased crop yield due to moisture conservation, reduced erosion, improved organic matter levels, and better management of nutrients and pests.